Symbols of the world's religions


The Master's Glossary

Edition One

Frank Davis


hadas: That which is contingent, or derived. Compare qadim. -Sufi. (1a)

Hafiz: Shamsuddin Muhammad Hafiz: Fourteenth century Perfect Master of Shiraz. Noted for His Divan. Meher Baba’s favorite poet. (1a)

Kwaja Shams al-Din Muhammad Hafiz, called by his admirers the ‘Tongue of the Unseen’ and the ‘Interpreter of Secrets’, lived in Shiraz in the province of Fars...little is known of the details of His life...a Sufi...It is said he received the gift of poetry at the end of a forty day vigil at the shrine of Baba Kuhi (see chilla. -Ed.). One version relates that it was Khidir, the Green Man of the desert identified by the Sufis with Elijah, who wrapped him in his cloak (conferring spiritual powers) and gave him a drink of the waters of life. Another states that it was Imam Ali, the prophet’s son-in-law who stands at the head of the various Sufi lineage’s, who gave Hafiz heavenly food, bestowing on Him poetic gifts and the keys to spiritual knowledge. (Cloutier, David; News of Love, Poems of Separation and Union, by HAFIZ OF SHIRAZ; Copyright 1984, David Cloutier, N. Carolina, US-Unicorn Press, Inc., PO 3307, Greensboro, N.Carolina, 27402)

Shamsuddin Muhammad Hafiz: Fourteenth century Perfect Master and poet of Shiraz, Persia. (Gr)(L)

Shams-ud-din Muhammad Hafiz was born in Shiraz, Persia. The dates attributed to His birth and death vary; they are commonly believed to be 1320 to 1389. (Ladinsky, Daniel; THE SUBJECT TONIGHT IS LOVE, 60 Wild and Sweet Poems of Hafiz; Copyright 1996, Daniel Ladinsky-Pumpkin House Press, PO 1625, N.Myrtle Beach, S.Carolina, 29598)

hahut: Mastery. -Sufi. (1a)

hairat: Enchantment. -Sufi. (1a) (1b)

Hajj (also Haj): Pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina. (AJ)

hal: A spiritual trance bringing ecstasy, experienced on entering a new station or plane. -Sufi. Vedanta: bhav. (1a) -Arabic, plural is ahwal. (Du)

halat-e-Muhammadi: = ahadiyat: The conscious unity of God-realized souls. -Sufi. (1a)

halwa: A sweet preparation, made from farina. (N6)

hama az man ast: Everything is from Me. -Sufi. (1a)

hama az ust: Everything is from Him. -Sufi. (1a)

hama ba man ast: Everything is with Me. -Sufi. (1a)

hama ba ust: Everything is with Him. -Sufi. (1a)

hama dar man ast: Everything is in Me. -Sufi. (1a)

hama dar ust: Everything is in Him. -Sufi. (1a)

hama man am: Everything is Me. -Sufi. (1a)

hama ust: Everything is He. -Sufi. (1a)

Hanuman: Chief disciple of Rama. (Gr)

Happy Valley: A wooded spot four miles north of Pimpalgaon-Malvi. Tradition has it that Ram and Sita spent a few days of their years in exile here, and the legend goes that Ram shot an arrow into the ground, creating a spring so that Sita could bathe. Meher Baba visited Happy Valley many times. (A location within Maharashtra State. -Ed.) (EBF)

haqiqat: Truth. Reality. -Sufi. (1a)(N4)

haqiqat-e-insani: The reality of man. The state of the sixth plane saint who sees God face to face. -Sufi. (1a)

haqiqat-e-Muhammadi: The Reality of Muhammad. Perfect Masterhood. The tenth state of God. -Sufi. (1a)

Literally, the Reality of Muhammad. Perfect Masterhood. -Arabic. (Du)

haqiqi: Real. Compare izafi. -Sufi. (1a)

Haqq: Literally, truth. Reality. God. -Sufi. Vedanta: Brahman. (1a)

Haqq-ul-yaqin: See: yaqin. (1a)

haram: Forbidden or prohibited, in Islam. –Sufi. (1b)

Hari: Lord. (N2)

harijans: Depressed classes in India, renamed as children of God. (AJ)

hatha yoga: Self-mortifying ascetism; yoga postures. (C)

The yoga of physical perfection. (N4)

havan: A ritual in which an oblation in the form of clarified butter, boiled rice, grains, etc., is offered in a fire to invoke a deity. (N5)

hawa: An aspirant who is not on the Path but is not far from it. (N3)

Hazrat: Venerable. (Gr)

heterosexuality: See also sexuality. –Ed.

Hindu: A follower of Hinduism, the predominant religion in India. (I)

Hinduism: See under Krishna; Rama; Vedanta. (1b)

holi: An Indian festival. (N5)

homosexuality: See also sexuality. –Ed.

Hormazd Roj: "God’s Day"; the first day of each month according to the Parsi calendar; particularly auspicious. (I)

Hu: Literally, He. God*. -Sufi. (1a)(N2)

*legend has it this was mans’ "first word"; and mans’ word for himself, human, came of this. (-Ed.)

Hujwiri, Ali ben Uthman: Author of Kashf-al-Mahjub (Unveiling of the Mystery). Born in Ghazna ca. 1000 A.D. Died ca. 1075 A.D. (1a) (Du)

hukki: A whim. (N4)

hu-tu-tu: An outdoor Indian game played by two teams consisting of nine to eleven players each on a rectangular area of 40’ x 25’. The goal is to cross mid-field into the opponents side and touch a player and then return safely to your group while repeating "hu-tu-tu" continuously in one breath. If the other team can hold you and prevent you from returning in time you are out. (N6)

Huwal akher: He is the last. -Sufi. (1a)

Huwal awwal: He is the first. -Sufi. (1a)

Huwal batin: He is the internal. -Sufi. (1a)

Huwal zaher: He is the external. -Sufi. (1a)

Huyat: Literally, He-ness. God knowing himself as Himself. Godhood. -Sufi. (1a)


"I am God": The affirmation of the God-realized state. Sufi: Anal Haqq. Vedanta: Aham Brahmasmi. See also realization. (1b)

Ibn Arabi, Muhyuddin: Perfect Master, born in Spain, July 1165; died Damascus, October 1240. His exposition of Sufism is in His principal work, Al-Futuhat-al-Makkiya. (1a)

Ignorance: Knowledge of Illusion, without higher spiritual knowledge. The state of knowledge of the gross-conscious soul. (1a)

See also Maya. (1b)

The state of original ignorance, or the infinite unconsciousness of the soul, "not knowing", is described in The Nothing and The Everything, pages 307–317. (Ka 2123 )

Illumination: The state of spiritual enlightenment in which the mind sees the Soul (God) but has not realized God. Cf. Realization. (1b)

Illusion: The creation of Maya, the universes, which the gross-conscious soul mistakes for Reality. (1a)

See bhas; Maya. (1b)

ilm-ul-yaqin: See: yaqin. (1a)

Imam: The prayer leader of a mosque. Also, any authoritative Muslim scholar. -Arabic. (Du)

Officiating priest of a mosque. (L)

Imampur: A village about 22 km (14 miles) north of Ahmednagar on the Aurangabad road. In the ruins of an old mosque here occurred the famous "pigeon incident" at the end of the New Life phase of Meher Baba’s work. (A location within Maharashtra State. -Ed.) (EBF)

impressions: See sanskaras. (1b)

insan: Human. The individual. -Sufi. Vedanta: manava. (1a)

Insan-e-Kamil: The Perfect (i.e., God-realized) Man. -Sufi. Vedanta: Shiv-Atma. (1a)

See Perfect One. (1b)

Al-Insan-e-Kamil: The Perfect Man, a treatise by the fourteenth century Sufi, Abdul Karim al-Jili. -Sufi. (1a) (see also al-Jili, Abdul Karim. -Ed.)

Insha-Allah: Literally, if God wills. This is the traditional reply to a question in Muslim countries, rather than "yes". It implies that none but God can empower one to carry out anything. -Arabic. (Du)(L)

God willing. (N5)

involution of consciousness, planes of: See planes of consciousness. (1b)

Iqbal, Dr. Muhammad: Pakistani poet and philosopher, born 1873 at Sialkot, Punjab. (1a)

Irani: Emigrant from Persia (now Iran) who came to India in the nineteenth century to avoid persecution because of their Zoroastrian religious beliefs; "Irani" is a common surname of such persons and their descendants, simply meaning "from Iran." (I)

Irani, Col. M. S.: Colonel M. S. Irani was once the highest ranking Indian officer in the British army. He was known as the Master’s archenemy; Baba called him "His Ravanna", who was Ram’s archenemy. Due to his constant thinking of Meher Baba, even though it was in an opposing manner, it brought good fortune to the Colonel in his next lifetime, who reincarnated into a close Baba family. (Ka 2498 )

Irani, Mehera J.: See Mehera J. Irani. -Ed.

irfan: Gnosis. The knowledge of the arif; also the knowledge of those on the sixth and seventh planes. -Sufi. Vedanta: dnyan. (1a)

See dnyan. (1b)

irteqa: Evolution. -Sufi. Vedanta: utkranti. (1a)

Isa (also Issa): See Jesus. –Ed.

Ishmael and Isaac: See under Abraham. (1b)

Islam: See under Muhammad, the Prophet; Sufism. (1b)

Israfeel: The archangel Raphael. -Sufi. (1a)

ittefaqi: A mast who has become God-intoxicated accidentally. (N2)

izafi: Relational, or relative. Compare haqiqi. -Sufi. (1a)

Izraeel: The archangel Israel. -Sufi. (1a)


jai (also ki jai): Hail, victory, glory; -ki is a suffix meaning to or belonging to. Most frequently used in "Jai Meher Baba" and "Avatar Meher Baba ki jai." -Sanskrit, Hindi. (1b)

Short for "jaya", which literally means "victory"; it is a common form of greeting in India when followed by one of the Names of a Divine Incarnation, such as "Jai Ram" or Jai Baba." (Da)(I)

Hail, praise, victory to. (Gr)(N4)

(also see: ki jai, ki. Ed)

Jain: An adherent of the religion founded by Vardhamana Mahavira (sixth century BC). Adherents often keep their heads clean shaven and wear gauze masks over their mouths. -Hindu. (Du)

Jainism: Jainism is a religious faith of India that originated with Mahavira, a Sadguru, sixth century B.C.. The most notable feature of Jain ethics is its insistence on non-injury to all forms of life. Jain philosophy finds that every kind of creature has a soul; therefore, strict observance of this precept of nonviolence (ahimsa) requires extreme caution in all activity. Jain monks frequently wear cloths over their mouths to avoid unwittingly killing anything such as an insect by breathing it in, and Jain house floors are kept meticulously clean to avert the danger of stepping on a living being, such as an ant. Jains regard the intentional taking of a creature’s life, or even violent thoughts as serious assaults of defilement and irreligious. (Ka 2502 )

jalal: Glory. Beatitude. -Sufi. (1a)

jalali: A type of mast (God-intoxicated soul) who is hot-tempered, abusive, and talks at random. (See, The Wayfarers, page 28, for complete description.) (A)

Glorious. Related to the masculine or outgoing (positive) principal. -Arabic. (Du)

Glorious. Related to the masculine or outgoing principal. Fiery or hot tempered. (N2)

Jalaluddin Rumi, Maulana (also Jalal al-Din al-Rumi): See Rumi. -Ed.

jalebi: Crisp, sugary pretzels. (EBF)

A kind of Indian sweet. (N4)

jam: Literally, cup. Conscious union with God. God-realization. -Sufi. (1a)

jam-ul-jam: = baqa-billah, q.v. -Sufi. (1a)

jamal: Beauty. -Sufi. (1a)

jamal-e-ahadiyat: The beauty of Absolute Oneness. -Sufi. (1a)

jamali: Beautiful. Related to the feminine or receptive (negative) principal. -Arabic. (Du)

Always mild tempered, never abusive. (L)

Beautiful. Related to the feminine or receptive principal. Quiet or mild tempered. (N2)

Jami: (1414–1492) Persian poet and mystic. (1b)

jan: The soul. -Sufi. Vedanta: atma, or atman. (1a)

See atma. (1b)

jan-e-jismi: See: jiv-atma. -Sufi. (1a)

janan: The Beloved. -Sufi. (1a)

Jangle: Jangle still is faithfully working at Meherabad as of 1994. (Ka 2423 )

japas: (singular: jap, japa) Repetitions, generally of mantras or prayers. -Vedanta. (1a)

Repetition of a name of God or other sacred word. (N2)

(See also zikr. -Ed.)

japwalla: One who performs jap. (N4)

jawari: Same as jowar, q.v. (Du)

Jessawalas: The Jessawala children: Eruch was age twenty, daughters Meheru nineteen and Manu seventeen, and the young son, Meherwan, was seven in 1937. (Ka 2155 )

Jessawala, Eruch: See also Damania, Khorshed J. –Ed.

Jesus Christ (also Jesus): Of Nazareth, the Christ. (1a)

The son of God; the Avatar (q.v.) whose teachings come to us through Christianity and the New Testament of the Bible. See also Christ, the. (1b)

Of Nazareth. The Avatar born in Bethlehem, Palestine, whose teachings comes to us through the Christian religion. The Christ. (Du)

Yusuf is an Arabic and Persian name for Jesus. Yusuf Asaf translated means Jesus (Leader) Christ (Gatherer). Jesus’s name is also spelled Yuz or Yuzu. In Tibet, Jesus is also known as Issa or Isa. (Ka 2472 )

jhalak: A glimpse. (N4)

jhopdi (also jhopri, zopdi): Literally, "a hut"; it specifically refers to the small structure which Meher Baba had constructed at Lower Meherabad in 1924 for His work and in which He began His silence on July 10, 1925. (I)

A hut. (N4)

(Capitalized with reference to Baba’s Jhopdi. -Ed.)

Jibraeel: The archangel Gabriel. -Sufi. (1a)

al-Jili, Abdul Karim: Author of Al-Insan-ul-Kamil (The Perfect Man), and founder of the Sufi school of Apparentism (wah-dat-ul-shuhud). Died ca. 1408 A.D. (1a) (see also Al-Insan-ul-Kamil. -Ed.)

jism-e-altaf: The mental body. -Sufi. Vedanta: karan sharir. (1a)

See karan sharir; manas; mental body. (1b)

jism-e-kasif: The gross body. -Sufi. Vedanta: sthul sharir. (1a)

See gross body; sharir; sthul sharir. (1b)

jism-e-latif: The subtle body. -Sufi. Vedanta: sukshma sharir. (1a)

See pran; subtle body; sukshma sharir. (1b)

Jivanmukta (also Jeevanmukta): A Perfect One. -Vedanta. Sufi: Azad-e-Mutlaq, Saheb-e-jamo-farq, Salik-e-Kamil. See also: Mukta. (1a)

Jivanmuktas (singular: Jivanmukta). Those who have attained the "I am God" state with creation-consciousness but are free of spiritual duties; liberated incarnate souls. –Vedanta. Sufi: Azad-e-Mutlaq (singular), Salik-e-Kamil (singular). (1b)

One liberated from maya (ignorance obscuring the vision of God) while living in the body. (AJ)

The Liberated Incarnate, i.e., God-realized and in the body. A Perfect One. -Sanskrit. (Du)

A liberated incarnate, a God-Realized One with Creation-consciousness but no specific duty. (N3)

jivanmukti: See: mukti. (1a)

See under Mukti. (1b)

jivant-samadhi: A saint’s or master’s voluntary ending of his life when his work on earth is finished. Although this superficially resembles suicide, the distinction is well understood in the Orient. -Hindi, Sanskrit. (Du)

jiv-atma (also jivatman): The embodied soul. The individual. -Vedanta. Sufi: jan-e-jismi. (1a)

Embodied souls. jiv-atmas -English plural of Sanskrit jivatman. Also jivas. (Du)

jivoham: "I am individual". -Vedanta. (1a)

jnana: See dnyan. (1b)

jowar (also durra): A grain sorghum, also called guinea corn or Indian millet. -Hindi. (Du)

Joy Meher: Gifts and souvenirs of Meher Baba. Hours are 9:45 am to 12:30 pm and 3:00 pm to 4:30 pm daily, with the exception of Wednesday and Sunday when the shop is open only in the morning. (part of the Meher Nazar Compound, Ahmednagar, India. -Ed.) (EBF)

Jubbulpore: Now known as Jabalpur. (I) (this is a location in India. -Ed.)

Junayd of Baghdad: The celebrated ninth century Sufi Sheikh. Died ca. 910 A.D. (1a)


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