Symbols of the world's religions


The Master's Glossary

Edition One

Frank Davis


qadim: That which is original (ancient). Compare hadas. -Sufi. (1a)

qalandar: An advanced soul. Also, descriptive of one of the types of Qutub (q.v.), who has the characteristic that he is usually naked and never stays long in one place. -Arabic. (Du)

qavval (also qawwal): One who sings ghazals and qawwalis. (N4) -Arabic. (Du)

qavvali (also qawwali): A type of spiritual song based on a verse from the Koran or a mystic poem and sung to spontaneously improvised music. (Da) -Arabic. (Du)

A special type of spiritual song, usually in Urdu or Persian, intimately addressing the Beloved, sung to spontaneously improvised music. (N2)

...accompanied by musical instruments. These compositions are addressed to the Beloved in a very intimate way. (N4)

qiamat: The great (final) dissolution of the universe. -Sufi. Vedanta: mahapralaya. (1a)

See Mahapralaya. (1b)

Same as mahapralaya, q.v. -Arabic. (Du)

qudrat: Divine Power. -Sufi. Vedanta: sat. (1a)

Quit India Movement: Indian Nationalist movement organized to end British rule and attain self-government. (Da)

qurbat: Literally, nearness. Relationship to God. -Sufi. (1a)

qurb-e-farayiz: Involuntary (necessary) nearness: the relationship of the Avatar to God. -Sufi. (1a)

qurb-e-nawafil: Voluntary nearness: the relationship of the Perfect Master to God. -Sufi. (1a)

Qutub (also Kutub, Qutb, Salik-e-Mukammil): Literally, the hub or axis. A Perfect Master. -Sufi. Vedanta: Sadguru. (1a)* (Gr)(L)(N2) -Arabic. (Du)

Literally, hub or axis; the spiritual center of the universe; a Perfect Master (q.v. for full definition). -Sufi. Vedanta: Param Mukta; Sadguru. (1b)

*see also Man-God. (-Ed.)

Qutub-e-Irshad: The head of the five living Qutubs who directs the affairs of the universe. In an Avataric age this office is filled by the Avatar. -Sufi. (1a) -Arabic. (Du)

qutubiat (also qutubiyat): Perfect Masterhood. (-Arabic. (Du)) The tenth state of God. -Sufi. (1a)

The state of a Qutub. (N6)


Radha - Krishna: Radha was the milkmaid whose unsurpassed love for the Lord Krishna (q.v.) earned her the status of being His beloved. (1b)

The beloved of Lord Krishna. (Da)

rag (also raga): An ancient traditional melodic pattern or mode in Hindu music. -Sanskrit. (Du)

rah-e-tariqat: See: tariqat. -Sufi. (1a)

See tariqat. (1b)

rahrav: One who traverses the Path. -Sufi. Vedanta: sadhak. (1a)

See sadhak; yogi. (1b)

Rahuri: The site of Meher Babaís ashram for the masts and mad in the late 1930s. (A location within Maharashtra State. -Ed.) (EBF)

Rahuri Cabin: Babaís cabin at the Rahuri mast ashram of 1936-38; it was moved to Meherabad when the ashram was closed. (Da)(part of Lower Meherabad, Ahmednagar, India. -Ed.)

The Rahuri Cabin was referred to as a "Pukka" building, because it was made of substantial brick materials and was the only permanent structure in the mad and mast ashram. (Ka 2063 )

Rahvan (also Ravana): The demon-king of Lanka (Ceylon) in The Ramayana epic. He kidnapped Sita, thereby incurring war with the Avatar Rama. -Sanskrit. (Du)

(it is ) raining: See burning, (my house is). -Ed.

raita: Yogurt seasoned with tomato and cucumber. (EBF)

raj yoga (also raja yoga): Yoga by means of meditation and contemplation. (C)

See: yoga. (Du)

Yoga concerned with the control of the mind by means of meditation and contemplation. (Gr)

The yoga (path) of meditation. (N4)

rajah: "Upas" means "fast" and "maharaj" means "great king", so Upasni Maharaj means "the great king who fasted". He was given this name because He fasted for a very long time before He received God-realisation from Sai Baba. (I pg.43)

A king. (N5)

Ram (also Rama): The Avatar whose life is the subject of the Hindu epic, The Ramayana. (1a)(Du)(Gr)(N2)

The Avatar (q.v.) whose life is the subject of the Hindu epic The Ramayana and whose teachings come to us through Hinduism. See also Sita - Ram. (1b)

An incarnation of the Avatar; the subject of the Hindu epic The Ramayana. (C)

The Avatar who lived in India, dates unknown. His consort was Sita. (L)

Ramadan: The ninth month of the Muslim lunar calendar, the month of fasting. -Arabic. (Du)

Ramakrishna: A Perfect Master born in Bengal in 1775 and passed away in 1886. (AJ)

Raman, Chandrasekhara Venkata: The Indian physicist Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888Ė1970) worked mainly in optics and acoustics, fields to which he was drawn by a deep facination for everything related to sight and sound. His most memorable achievement, honored by the 1930 Nobel Prize for physics, was the discovery, in 1928, that when visible light is scattered, the scattered light undergoes shifts in wavelength. Raman lent support to the photon theory of light and furnished a valuable tool for probing the nature of matter and electromagnetic energy. (Ka 2466 )

Ramayana, The: Literally, the story of Rama. A great Sanskrit epic of India detailing the life of the Avatar as Rama. (Gr)

The ancient Hindu epic recounting the life of the warrior-hero Rama, the Avatar. (L)

Ramdas Samarth, Swami (also Swami Ramdas): 17th century Perfect Master. (1b)

Rameshwaram: Rameshwaram is in Sri Lanka, Ceylon, and is a place of pilgrimage for both Hindus and Buddhists. At Rameshwaram there are temples dedicated to both Lord Ram and Lord Buddah. Ceylon is described in the epic Ramayana. (Ka 2493 )

Ramnavmi: The ninth day of the first Hindu month (Chaitra). The birthday of Rama. (N5)

rangooli: A colored chalk mandala (q.v.), drawn on the floor or in walkways for festive occasions. -Marathi. (Du)

Rasool: The Saviour, the Christ. -Sufi. Vedanta: Avatar. (1a)

The Messenger of God; the Avatar (q.v. for full definition). See also Muhammad, the Prophet. -Sufi. (1b)

The Saviour, the Christ, the Avatar. -Arabic. (Du)(L)

the: The Incarnation of God, the Infinite in human form. The God-Man, Messiah, Avatar, Christ, Saheb-e-Zaman. (N1) (see also Avatar; Ed)

Rasool-e-Khuda: The Messenger of God. (N4)

Rasputin, Grigorii Yefimovich :Grigorii Yefimovich Rasputin (1872-1916) was a Russian monk from a poor peasant background. Although illiterate, with his charasmatic quality he rose in status to become a courtier; he had a suspicious reputation because he mixed religeous fervor with sexual indulgence. Rasputin had a profound influence over the royal family by his miraculous ability to check the bleeding of the young prince, a hemophiliac, which gave him power over czarina Alexandria and, through her influence, czar Nicholas II. He was eventually murdered by nobels. (Ka 2054 )

rava: Sweet wheat cereal. (EBF)

A sweet dish. (N2)

Realization (also God-realization, Self-realization): When the soul experiences itself as God; the "I am God" state. Sufi: Fana - Fillah. Vedanta: Nirvikalpa state. (1b)

Realization Scene, The: The Realization Scene was similar to the Ten Circles Chart (see Section II) but on a smaller scale. (G)

Rehem (also Raheem): The Merciful, one of the names of God. -Arabic. (Du)

rijíat: Reincarnation. -Sufi. Vedanta: punar janma, awagawan. (1a)

rishis: (singular: rishi). Sages; seers. (1b)

Literally, seer. An inspired sage or religious poet. One to whom the Vedas were revealed. (N2) -Sanskrit. (Du)

A hermit with spiritual wisdom. (N4)

ruh: = jan. Soul. -Sufi. Vedanta: atma. (1a)

See atma. (1b)

Rumi, Jalaluddin, Maulana (also Jalal-ad-Din ar Rumi; Jalal al-Din al-Rumi; Maulana Rumi): The thirteenth century Perfect Master. Founder of Mevlevi ("whirling") dervishes. Author of the Masnavi. (1a)(Du)

(circa 1207-1273): Sufi Perfect Master and Persian poet; originator of dervish dancing and disciple of Shams-e-Tabriz. (1b)

A Perfect Master who lived in the 13th century in Iran; founded the path of devotion through whirling and chanting and authored the Masnavi, a book of spiritual insight. (AJ)

Jalal al-Din al-Rumi, called Maulavi, (1207-73) was the founder of the Sufi order known as the Whirling Dervishes, whose ecstatic dances would produce visions and higher states of conciousness. Born in Afghanistan, Rumi became a great Islamic scholar and traveled through Persia, settling in Konya, where he was revered both as a religeous scholar and poet. In 1244, he came under the influence of Shams-i-Tabriz, an itinerant Sufi dervish, but a Qutub of His time. The divine knowledge (gnosis) that Shams possessed was evidently greater than all of Rumiís book writting and learning. Rumi gave up his books and became Shamís favorite disciple. Later he began writting again and his poetical odes are dedicated to or named after his Master, Shams-i-Tabriz. Meher Baba was fond of Rumiís spiritual mastery and poetry, and praised him as one of the greatest minds of all mystical or spiritual literature, Sufi or any other. Baba once remarked, "Rumi had more brains than all the pandits (meaning, philosophers, scholars, priests, preachers, teachers) of today put together!" (Ka 2042 )


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