Symbols of the world's religions


The Master's Glossary

Edition One

Frank Davis


taals: Small brass cymbals. -plural: English, taal: Hindi. (Du)

tabla: A kind of Indian drum played to maintain the rhythm of music and singing. (N4)

Table House: A small wooden structure where Meher Baba slept and wrote portions of His "Book" in 1925-26. Originally it stood near the dhuni. (EBF)

A small cabin-like structure built at Meher Baba’s request in 1925 at Lower Meherabad; Baba used it for various aspects of His work, most notably the writing of "The Book". (I)

tajalli: (plural: tajalliyat) Literally, manifestation. The Glory of God as experienced by the aspirant on the spiritual Path.

1) The manifestation of God as His illusory Creation.

2) Powers of the first three planes of the subtle world.

3) Divine powers of the fourth plane (anwar-o-tajalliyat). -Sufi. (1a)

See siddhis. (1b)

tajalli-e-avval: The first manifestation, wahid-ul-wujud. -Sufi. (1a)

tajalli-e-chaharom: The fourth manifestation, mumkin-ul-wujud. -Sufi. (1a)

tajalli-e-dovvom: The second manifestation, arif-ul-wujud. -Sufi. (1a)

tajalli-e-jalali: The epiphany, or manifestation, of glory, which confers on the soul the experience of fana, ashqiyyat. -Sufi. (1a)

tajalli-e-jamali: The epiphany, or manifestation, of beauty, which again endows the God-realized soul with consciousness of normality, mashuqiyyat. -Sufi. (1a)

tajalli-e-panjom: The fifth manifestation, wajib-ul-wujud. -Sufi. (1a)

tajalli-e-sevvom: The third manifestation, mumtan-ul-wujud. -Sufi. (1a)

tajalliyat: (singular: tajalli), q.v. -Sufi. (1a)

tajalliyat-e-khamsa: The five manifestations = khamsa wujudat, the five kinds of existence. See: wujud. -Sufi. (1a)

talib: A seeker. -Sufi. (1a)

An aspirant. (N6)

tamasha: A spectacle, sport, show, pageant, or entertainment. -Hindi. (Du)

tan: (pronounced "tun"), Body. -Hindi. (Du)

tanazzulat: The devolutions of the Absolute through the five kinds of existence. -Sufi. (1a)

tandoori cooking: Meat or poultry cooked in a hot clay oven, usually marinated in a spicy sauce. (EBF)

tantra: A science of esoteric or occult practices. (N4)

tantric: (adjective) Of or relating to the tantras, Hindu scriptures of the less ancient, fourth class of shastras, q.v. They contain mystic teachings and ritual instructions, including magical incantations, gestures and diagrams. from: tantra. -Sanskrit. (Du)

One who seeks and possesses occult powers. (N3)

tantriks: (singular: tantrika) Those who have become adept in occult powers through tantrik excersizes. Tantrik excersizes are based on scriptures known as tantras. The tantras prescribe practices (in legend, originally written down by Lord Shiva) which lead to such powers. -Vedanta. (1a)

tanzeeh: Absolute. Transcendent. -Sufi. (1a)

tap: Purificatory action; penance. (N2)

tapas: (singular: tapa) Austerities. -Vedanta. (1a)

Penance. (N6)

tapasavis (also tapasvis; tapasvi): (singular: tapasavi) Ascetics. -Vedanta. (1a)

The terms tapasvis means one who does penance. (Ka 2352 )

One who practices penance. (N6)

tapaswis: Ascetics, recluses, hermits. plural: English. -Hindi. (Du) (likely related to tapasvi. -Ed.)

tariqat (also tarikat; tariqa; rah-e-tariqat): The spiritual Path. The esoteric path of spiritual advancement. -Sufi. Vedanta: adhyatmic marga. (1a)

The way; the inner path of spiritual advancement. -Sufi. Vedanta: adhyatma-marga. (1b)

The spiritual Path. The esoteric path of spiritual advancement. (Gr) as contrasted to shariat, q.v. -Arabic. (Du)

tasawwuf: The spiritual Wisdom. -Sufi. (1a)

tashbeeh: Similar. Qualified. Likened. Compared. -Sufi. (1a)

tattya: A reed mat. (N2)

tauba: Repentance. A turning away from the life of the senses toward God, arising from a spontaneous longing. The first of the spiritual stages, or muqamat. -Sufi. (1a)

tauhid: The unitary state of God. -Sufi. (1a)

tauhid-e-afa’ali: The active unity of God; the unification achieved by a soul on the subtle planes. -Sufi. (1a)

tauhid-e-ahwali: The feeling unity of God; the unification achieved by a soul on the fifth plane. -Sufi. (1a)

tauhid-e-aqwali: The verbal unity of God; the unification achievable by the majority of mankind, who have not yet entered the Path. -Sufi. (1a)

tauhid-e-shariat: The unification of law = tauhid-e-aqwali. (1a)

tauhid-e-sifati: The unity of God in attributes; the unification achieved by a soul on the sixth plane. -Sufi. (1a)

tauhid-e-tanzihi: Absolute Oneness. -Sufi. Vedanta: advaita. (1a)

tauhid-e-tariqat: The unification of those on the spiritual Path. Comprises tauhid-e-afa’ali, ahwali, and sifati. -Sufi. (1a)

tauhid-e-zati: The unity of God in essence. The tauhid of the God-realized soul. -Sufi. (1a)

tawajjoh: Literally, influence. The tearing away of veils from the inner eye of an aspirant by a wali gazing into the physical eyes of the aspirant. -Sufi. (1a)

tej: Effulgence. (N4) (see also nur. -Ed.)

Thakor: A deity; a man of rank. A name applied to Krishna. -Sanskrit. (Du)

tilak: A colored powder, applied generally by Hindus on their foreheads in the shape of a circle. (N4)

(producing a mark which is called a bindi. -Ed.)

Tir Roj: The 13th day of the month according to the Zoroastrian calendar. (A)

tivra vairagya: Intense dispassion, detachment, or renunciation. (1b)

toddy: "Sometimes, too, our guests were taken to sample toddy, a light refreshing drink made fresh from the toddy palm…" (I-pg.22 pp2);

Sap from the toddy (palm) tree; it is a tonic when taken in the early morning, but after sunrise the liquid ferments into a mild intoxicant. (I)

An intoxicating beverage drawn from palm trees. (A)

toilets: There were no flush toilets or septic tanks, only a tin pot inside a makeshift stall. Normally, the servants would clean them for the men and women mandali, but Baba would often clean them for the masts and mad. (Ka 2244 )

Toka: Also north of Ahmednagar on the Aurangabad road. For a brief period in 1928, Toka was the site of Meher Baba’s ashram and school for boys. (A location within Maharashtra State. -Ed.) (EBF)

Tomb of Gilori Shah: In 1922, this Muslim saint asked to be buried on this spot saying, "Very soon after I pass away, a great Master will come and establish his abode here." (part of Lower Meherabad, Ahmednagar, India. -Ed.) (EBF)

Tomb Shrine: (See: Meher Baba’s Samadhi. -Ed.)

tonga: A one horse cart still used in India to transport people. (AJ)(Gr)

A two-wheeled horse-drawn carriage often used as a mode of transportation. (I)

A horse drawn cab. (N4)

tongawalla: The driver of a horse-drawn carriage (tonga). (I)(N5)

topi: A pith helmet. -Hindi. (Du)

Tower of Silence: A circular tower, scientifically maintained, where the Parsis lay their dead to be devoured by vultures. (A)

A circular tower used by Zoroastrians for the disposal of their dead. (Da)(I)

tribhuvan: The triple sphere. The created universe, consisting of the gross, subtle, and mental spheres, and including the fourth (composite) sphere. -Vedanta. Sufi: do alam (duniya and uqba). (1a)

Trust, the: see: Avatar Meher Baba Trust. -Ed.

Tukaram: Tukaram was a Perfect Master. (CJ pg. 36)

turiya avastha: The State of Divine Junction. -Vedanta. Sufi: fana-ma-al-baqa at muqam-e-furutat. (1a)


ubudiyat: Servantship. The role of real Saliks who have returned to normal consciousness to benefit humanity in bondage. -Sufi. (1a)

Udwada: Udwada is in Gujarat and is a very important place of pilgrimage for Zoroastrians. It is here that the sacred fire was brought from Persia to India, and since then it has never been extinquished. (I pg.33)

umar tree: A large tree commonly found throughout India and Pakistan, noted for its cluster of small red figs. (I)

Union: The state of being united with God, the infinite. Sufi: Vasl. Vedanta: Aikya. (1b)

Universal Work: (awaiting entry. see also: work, Baba’s. -Ed.)

unmatta: One who is in the state of unsubdued God-intoxication, heedless of worldly standards and values; frantic. See also masts. -Vedanta. (1b)

upadesh: Instructions or words of advice given by one’s elders or a Master. (N5)

upas: "Upas" means "fast" and "maharaj" means "great king", so Upasni Maharaj means "the great king who fasted". He was given this name because He fasted for a very long time before He received God-realisation from Sai Baba. (I pg.43)

Upasni Maharaj: A Perfect Master whom Meher Baba contacted in 1915. He was born in 1870 and died in 1941 at Sakori. (AJ)

"Upas" means "fast" and "maharaj" means "great king", so Upasni Maharaj means "the great king who fasted". He was given this name because He fasted for a very long time before He received God-realisation from Sai Baba. (I pg.43)

Upasni Maharaj was also touring the area at the same time and passed through Jabalpur on his way to Sakori, though he and Meher Baba did not meet. (Ka 2403 )

uppama: A spicy South Indian breakfast dish. (N6)

uqba: See: do alam. -Sufi. (1a)

Urdu: The official language of Pakistan, written in Arabic script. The same language written in Devanagari script is called Hindustani. (Du)

A language which combines the elements of Hindi and Persian; it is the national language of Pakistan, and is also used by Muslims in India. (I)

The official language of Pakistan, written in Arabic script, and also spoken in the northern part of India. (N2)

urf-ul-yaqin: See: yaqin. (1a)

utkranti: Evolution. -Vedanta. Sufi: irteqa. (1a)


vairagya: Permanent (irrevocable) renunciation. -Vedanta. (1a)

See bairagi; purna vairagya; shmashan vairagya; tivra vairagya. (1b)

vaitag: Temporary renunciation through frustration. -Marathi. (1a)

vali: See wali. (1b)

vasl: See: aikya. -Sufi. (1a)

Union; the state of being united with God, the Infinite. -Sufi. Vedanta: Aikya. (1b)

Vedanta (also Vedantic, -ist, -ists; Vedantism): The system of Hindu philosophy (derived from and dependant upon the thoughts expressed in the Vedas) that is concerned with the ultimate Reality, the Liberation of the soul, and the soul's identity with the Oversoul. (1b)

A philosophy of spiritual practice based on the essence of the four Vedas and on sacred books written later, including the Upanishads. (C)(Gr)

The philosophy is based on the essence of the four Vedas, which date from the earliest period of known Indian scriptures, as well as other sacred books written later including the Upanishads. The central subject matter of the Vedantas is knowledge of the supreme, which will unite the individual with the Universal Godhead. Modern expressions of Vedanta may be found in the life and teachings of Ramakrishna and his chief disciple Vivekananda. (L)

Vedantism: The practice of the philosophy of Vedanta. This is based not only on the essence of the four Vedas, but also on sacred books written after the Vedas, including the Upanishads. -Sanskrit, English. (Du)

Vedantists: Those who practice the philosophy of Vedanta which is based not only on the essence of the four Vedas but also on sacred books written after the Vedas, including the Upanishads. -Vedanta. (1a)

Vedas: The sacred religious books of the Hindus. (AJ)

veena: A lute. (N4)

Veillard, Anita De Carlo: Anita’s religious background was Catholic. She had great talent in art and went to art school. When her mother became ill, Anita returned to America from Paris and was sitting in her mother’s bedroom when Princess Norina Matchabelli called her on the telephone. Norina asked Anita to come with her to meet the Perfect Master Meher Baba at Harmon-on-the-Hudson, and she met Baba there on November 11, 1931. Anita joined the Master in Genoa, Italy, in 1933 and also later joined the Portofino group. She had a great gift for amusing Baba and would sit at His feet and try to make Him laugh. He loved to have her around. When asked what facet of Baba’s nature particularly impressed her, she replied, "I think it was that Baba never condemned you." When Roger Veillard asked her to marry him, Baba very much approved the match. They live * (* at this authors writing. -Ed.) in Paris and give much of their time and attention to translating into French and publishing Meher Baba’s Discourses and making their home available for meetings with Baba lovers. (Du)

vichitra: (adjetive) Many-colored, curious, singular, wonderful. -Hindi. (Du)

victoria: "I remember, too, that we had our own carriage, a two-horse victoria." (I-pg.18pp2);

An elegant four-wheeled doorless English carriage named for Queen Victoria. (I)

Videh Mukta: See: Mukta. (1a)

See Majzoobs-e-Kamil. (1b)

Videh Mukti (also Videha Mukti): See: mukti. (1a)

A state of Liberation, or Mukti (q.v.), in which the gross body is retained for a time. -Vedanta. Sufi: Majzoobiyat. (1b)

videh samadhi (also videha samadhi): The state of divine coma, where one is totally unconscious of one's body or the world. See also fana-e-zahiri. -Vedanta. (1b)

vidnyan: Conscious unity. The highest divine consciousness. -Vedanta. Sufi: ahadiyat. The super-conscious stage of the Perfect One. Sufi: alam-e-lahut. (1a)

See under vidnyani sanskaras. (1b)

The highest divine consciousness. (N4)

vidnyan bhumika: State of God-consciousness and Creation-consciousness simultaneously: the consciousness of Perfect Masters. (Majzoob-e-Kamil is only God-conscious in vidnyan bhumika). -Vedanta. Sufi: muqam-e-Muhammadi. (1a)

vidnyani sanskaras (also vijnani sanskaras (vidnyani conscious unity; oneness; the highest consciousness)): The special type of sanskaras (impressions) the Avatar has before His unveiling, and the type of sanskaras He gives to those in His Circles. See also dnyan. -Vedanta. (1b)

The sanskaras (q.v.) with which the Avatar veils Himself before taking birth, and which are removed at a preordained time by a Perfect Master. From then on the Avatar is conscious of His mission and of Himself as God. -Sanskrit. (Du)

vina: A musical instrument having usually four strings, a long bamboo fingerboard with movable frets, and a gourd resonator at each end. -Sanskrit. (Du)

virat swaroop (also virata svarupa, vishwa swaroopa): God’s Universal Body or Form. This was revealed to Arjuna by Krishna (Bhagavad Gita, chapter 11). -Sanskrit. (Du)

Vishistadvaita: The Vedantic school which holds views comparable to Shuhudiyyah. Apparentists. -Vedanta. (1a)

Vishnu: The Preserver. -Vedanta. Sufi: Parvardigar. (1a)

See Parvardigar. (1b)

The Preserver, in the Hindu trinity Creator-Preserver-Destroyer. (N2) -Sanskrit. (Du)

The Protector and the Preserver of all. In Hinduism, every incarnation of the Avatar is regarded as a manifestation of Vishnu (Parvardigar). (N5)

vishvananda: The bliss experienced by animals from fish up to humans. -Sanskrit. (Du)

Vollmoeller, Karl: Baba later saw Karl Vollmoeller twice in London. (Ka 1878 )

von Hindenburg, Paul: Paul von Hindenburg (1847-1934) was a German military field marshal who, during World War I, won great victories on the Eastern front of Europe, especially the battle of Tannenberg in 1914, making him the greatest hero of the war. He was president of Germany from 1925 to 1934. In the election of 1932, he defeated Adolf Hitler and was reelected, but was persuaded to appoint Hitler chancellor in 1933, while he continued as a figurehead president until his death. (Ka 1965 )

vyatireka: The analytic activity of the mind. -Vedanta. (1b)


Author's Forward Key to sources Dedication Glossary index


Anthology | Main Page Norway | AvatarMeherBaba USA | HeartMind